Translation definition, the rendering of something into another language or into one's own from another language. Translation Definition Translation refers to the process of creating proteins from an mRNA template. Biology is brought to you with support from the. How to use biology in a sentence. Translation takes place on ribosomes, where messenger RNA molecules are read and translated into amino acid chains. The specific sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA molecule provides the code for the production of a protein with a specific sequence of amino acids. Translation follows transcription, in which DNA is decoded into RNA. Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. Translate Biology. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. In particular, it is divided into three major steps: replication, transcription, and translation. The transcription of DNA into RNA and the translation of RNA into proteins are considered as the central dogma of molecular biology. See authoritative translations of Biology in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. Translation is the process where the information carried in mRNA molecules is used to create proteins. Translation Biology: The Central Dogma of molecular biology generally explains how genetic information flows within biological systems. Intro to gene expression (central dogma) The genetic code. Biology definition is - a branch of knowledge that deals with living organisms and vital processes. ... ~ is the process in biology in which a ribosome uses the information stored in messenger RNA (mRNA) link together the sequence of amino acids which form proteins. Start studying Biology Transcription and Translation. In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum synthesize proteins after the process transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus.The entire process is called gene expression. Differences in translation between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The main difference between transcription and translation is that transcription involves the production of RNA from DNA whereas translation involves the protein synthesis by decoding the mRNA. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes. In this article, you will be introduced to the process of protein synthesis, also referred to as translation. DNA replication and RNA transcription and translation. See more. 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