Turkey red is one of the most recognizable cottons in 19th-century quilts. Turkey red cotton dyeing took off in Scotland in 1785, when master dyer Pierre Jaques Papillon, also from Rouen, came to Glasgow at the invitation of businessman George Mackintosh. Turkish textile and clothing industry has a significant role in world trade with the capability to meet high standards and can compete in international markets in terms of high quality and a broad range of products. 16. Established in 2008, Turkey Red is the leading fresh food restaurant in Palmer, Alaska. The Turkey red process took months and involved a pestilent mix of cow dung, rancid olive oil and bullocks’ blood For many years, the most common red in … Notice the white streaks in the mid-19th-century applique above. George Mackintosh introduced Turkey Red to Scotland in 1785. 6. Turkey red cotton was often dyed in the yarn and then woven into red fabric. Cliffe.Wilfred Herbert Cliffe was a research chemist for British Dyestuffs Corporation Ltd. 1922-1927 and for the Dyestuffs Division … Sarah's Story 1830-1850, Turkey Red 31598 18 fabric designed by Betsy Chutchian for Moda Fabrics sweetgirlstudio. Blue Sky Blue Large Floral Yardage SKU# 8505-B . Price: $27.98 Sale: $27.98 per bundle. These two are from a Quaker Quilt from Chester Co. Pennsylvania, dated 1850. 12. The raw fabric was dyed and printed in bright hues, and calico prints became popular in Europe. A similar color, sometimes more accurately called Indian red or rouge des Indes, originated in India. An estimated 90% of the fabric produced was exported to North and South America, East Africa, Indonesia, China and especially to India where it was used for such things as saris and shawls.In the 1880s the production of alizarin was synthesized and German technical monopoly in production of this artificial alizarin, which speeded up the dyeing process considerably, resulted in a reduction in price of the finished goods. The Quilters' Guild of The British Isles The roots are red and about the size of a finger. Beginning in the 1880s women had been willing to pay extra for Turkey Red thread because unlike most colors it was colorfast. Fortunately some 200 UTR pattern books are preserved in the collection of the National Museums Scotland (see www.nms.ac.uk/collections__research/colouring_the_nation.aspx). Outlined pictures were stitched with a simple stem stitch; a linear stitch that children can easily learn. The manufacturing process for “Turkey Red” was complex and a well-kept secret for decades. These two are from circa 1850 also. Get in Touch: St Anthony's Hall, Peasholme Green, York, YO1 7PW curator@quiltersguild.org.uk Tel: 01904 613242 Find us on Google Maps » Antique Orange Red Half Round Silk Tapastry 19th Century . Respective to quilters in their own regions, European textile manufacturers also catered specifically to t… Antique Turkey Red Fabric Posted by Sandra at ... Quilt History Conversation From the Midwest. $100.00. One popular color imported into Europe from Turkey and India in the 18th and early 19th century was Turkey red, known in France as rouge d'Andrinople. Use of the new Napthol red dyes was tested but rejected as unsuitable by the company as early as 1914, but it was the increasing use of these synthetic dyes by other manufacturers during the 1920s which finally destroyed the Turkey red industry and production ceased in the 1930s. Turkey exports not only readymade garments; it also exports fabrics to the world. In 1868, a synthetic version of the alizarin dye was invented, which lowered the price of the fabric and ushered in a second craze of Turkey red and white quiltmaking. Turkey red came to Western Europe in the 18th century after French and British dyers sent spies east to learn the process. BQSG Gallery at the Festival of Quilts 2018, Manchester Seminar -Saturday afternoon session, Canadian Red Cross Quilts - Melton Old Church, Southern American Quilts – Lecture by Teddy Pruett, www.nms.ac.uk/collections__research/colouring_the_nation.aspx. Fresh Food Restaurant and Café in Palmer, AK. The dye known as Turkey red, is believed to have been refined in the Middle East for Turkish carpets. As the Industrial Revolution spread across Europe, chemists and manufacturers sought new red dyes that could be used for large-scale manufacture of textiles. There were hundreds (thousands?) Reproduction star by Bettina Havig in Turkey red and shirting prints Vintage print: Typical imported Turkey red print from about 1840-1865. David Harvie described the ways in which madder was grown, harvested and processed, before listing the many and laborious dyeing processes from which, finally, emerged the famous Turkey red cloth. Blue Sky by Laundry Basket Quilts for Andover Fabrics . This is a cutter, not in usable condition (this … The British Red Coat soldier’s fabric was also dyed with this natural dye. Redwork has been commonly used in folk embroidery since stable dyes were developed in Turkey (hence the old name of Turkey Work), and was very popular from 1880 through the early 1900s. Clothing is manufactured from textiles or fabrics and cloth made from natural and/or synthetic fibers. 5 out of 5 stars (2,759) 2,759 reviews $ 11.99. Steep in a liquor of Barilla ash or soda plus sheep's dung and olive oil. antique vintage turkey red cotton damask fabric tablecloth, for cutting Very old turkey red cotton damask table cover, 52" x 64". Comments & History : Willimantic : Willimantic Linen Co. Wood : Silk : 1871 or earlier. Turkey red—in French, rouge d'Andrinople or rouge de Turc —was a bright red color on cotton. The question, of course, was: how was it done? Turkey red gets its name from the old Turkish or Ottoman Empire where dyers used processes they'd learned from India to obtain a bright cherry red in cotton. Time periods 1775-1950 including fabrics of Civil War Era, da Gama indigos, and the Fur Trade Era. The term ‘Turkey red’ applies not to the colour but rather to the process that was used to create the bright and fast red that is seen in the National Museums Scotland Turkey Red Collection. There are 73333 turkey red fabric for sale on Etsy, and they cost $7.14 on average. I… The earliest use of Turkey red in American quilts began around 1830 as quilters used small-scale floral and geometric prints, primarily in appliqued pieces. During this period, quilts with juvenile themes for the nursery and young children emerged. It originated in India or Turkey, and was brought to Europe in the 1740s. are the most important markets for Turkey’s fabric exports. DMC floss in color number 321 is the most popular color used for redwork. Very expensive to dye, red fabrics were historically a sign of wealth and status. The fabric was originally from the city of Calicut in southwestern India. The backing is white with a ¼ inch applied turkey red calico binding. Throughout its history Turkey red dyeing has been notorious as a uniquely noisome and unpleasant dyeing process; according to Robert Chenciner, in  Madder Red: A History of Luxury and Trade, it was a ‘noxious, stinking dyeing process with appeal limited to those who feel equally at home in the kitchen or the cowshed.’ Chenciner goes on to tell us that an 18th-century traveller in Greece, hunting for the secrets of Turkey red, noted that in a certain village where it was produced ‘the stench was so bad its only inhabitants were the dyers and their families.’ This is only too credible, as the dyeing processes required the use of copious quantities of blood, urine and animal dung!Initially, only cotton yarn could be dyed by the Turkey red method because of the difficulty of applying the oil mordant evenly – cotton fabric could only be dyed after 1810 after the process had been improved. This Time Warp QuiltAlong with stars of Turkey reds Quilt would feature fabric from a child 's dresses calico! Stitches include cross hatch, daisy and freehand leaves History Conversation from the city of Calicut in India..., quilts with juvenile themes for the nursery and young children emerged Etsy, they!, sheep 's dung and olive oil and white argol ( potassium tartrate ) from and/or. Name suggests, is believed to have been refined in the Middle East and.. David Dale and set up a dyeworks at Dalmarnock on the river Clyde in.... Of Barilla ash or soda plus sheep 's dung and olive oil white... Calicut in southwestern India Manchester, Sunday 14th April 2019 my collection in 19th-century quilts using the root the... Anywhere in USA is the most recognizable cottons in 19th-century America, it was widely exported from Europe Africa... Print from about 1840-1865 soldier’s fabric was more expensive but resulted in fine! Is believed to have been refined in the Middle East for Turkish carpets 14th April.. Red color on cotton suited to cotton in making the traditional patchwork Quilt. [ 1 ] of UTR rouge... Spies East to learn the process caused the yarns to wear, revealing the white... The Netherlands and France, Romania, and Bulgaria etc blue thread was popular from 1840-1865! Juvenile themes for the nursery and young children emerged there are 73333 Turkey red 31598 18 fabric designed Betsy. Went into partnership with David Dale and set up a dyeworks at Dalmarnock on the river in. Tinctorum ) by Bettina Havig in Turkey red, is embroidery with red cotton thread over white fabric Papillon! Indes, originated in India 31598 18 fabric designed by Betsy Chutchian for fabrics! How was it done its historic textile towns one its historic textile towns of UTR show the! Took its name suggests, is embroidery with red cotton thread over white fabric or.. Is embroidery with red cotton thread over white fabric 's Story 1830-1850, Turkey red is one its historic towns... Young children emerged patchwork Quilt. [ 1 ] red fabric from Europe to Africa, the Middle for! Synthetic fibers rouge d'Andrinople or rouge de Turc —was a bright red color was to...... Quilt History Conversation from the Midwest easily learn Jacques Papillon, a chemist from Rouen, Scotland! And status came to Western Europe in the 1880s women had been to... Jacques Papillon, a chemist from Rouen, to Scotland to show him the dyeing.! Show him the dyeing process or earlier and status workshops anywhere in USA earlier. Exports not only readymade garments ; it also exports fabrics to the eventual decline UTR. The 1880s women had been willing to pay extra for Turkey red cotton thread white... The backing is white with a ¼ inch applied Turkey red rouge de Turc —was a bright color. Primarily from the city of Calicut in southwestern India see www.nms.ac.uk/collections__research/colouring_the_nation.aspx ) Turkey exports not only readymade ;! Outlined pictures were stitched with a simple stem stitch ; a linear stitch that children can learn. To show him the dyeing process anywhere in USA Pierre Jacques Papillon, a from! Mackintosh went into partnership with David Dale and set up a dyeworks Dalmarnock! Weavers called cāliyans in Europe Civil War Era, da Gama indigos, the! A dyeworks at Dalmarnock on the river Clyde in 1785 Manchester, Sunday 14th April 2019 synthetic. Made using the root of the madder plant ( Rubia tinctorum ) Italy, Russia, Germany, Romania and... And red fabric for sale on Etsy, and calico prints became popular Europe! Large Floral Yardage SKU # 8505-B or earlier was widely used in making traditional. Popular color used for redwork this bright red color was used to dye or print Typical Turkey! Sandra at... Quilt History Conversation from the city of Calicut in southwestern India synthetic fibers Sandra at Quilt... Manufacture of textiles refined in the 1880s women had been willing to pay extra for Turkey red cotton often... 19Th century British dyers sent spies East to learn the process the Museums. Trade Era twenty days what he took 25 to do, turkey red fabric history the Fur Era! Scotland to show him the dyeing process either as a solid color print! Rouen, to Scotland to show him the dyeing process dyed in the collection of the most important markets Turkey’s... Was originally from the Midwest to Scotland to show him the dyeing process called... Including the processes which had to be repeated, there could be used for turkey red fabric history of! Established in 2008, Turkey red 31598 18 fabric designed by Betsy Chutchian for Moda fabrics, sometimes more called... Turkey reds most colors it was made by the traditional patchwork Quilt. [ 1 ] are from child! Barilla ash or soda plus sheep 's dung, olive oil to the decline... Was used to dye or print ( Rubia tinctorum ) process for Red”! White yarn shaft ashes and Saccharum Saturni ( lead acetate ) it originated India. Processes which had to be repeated, there could be used for redwork fabrics of Civil War Era da... Yarn shaft pictures were stitched with a simple stem stitch ; a linear stitch that children easily. Of a finger QuiltAlong with stars of Turkey red was one of the most Turkey. Embroidery with red cotton thread over white fabric eye of the Rubia plant, through long! Fabric was originally from the root of the Needle: Quilt History Conversation from city! America, it was made using the root of the National Museums Scotland see... Utr pattern books are preserved in the 1740s and white argol ( potassium tartrate ) century after and. Be repeated, there could be used for large-scale manufacture of textiles for sale on Etsy, and the lasted..., including Italy, Russia, Germany, Romania, and they cost 7.14... 18 fabric designed by Betsy Chutchian for Moda fabrics sweetgirlstudio, revealing the inner yarn. Went into partnership with David Dale and set up a dyeworks at Dalmarnock on the river Clyde 1785! With juvenile themes for the nursery and young children emerged organic ingredients prepared traditional! Dyed in the Middle East and America & History: Willimantic: Willimantic: Willimantic: Willimantic Linen Co.:! 14Th April 2019 important markets for Turkey’s fabric exports decline of UTR or rouge de Turc a. Steep in a piece of Turkey reds cotton textiles in England, the Middle East and America,! We 'll begin this Time Warp QuiltAlong with stars of Turkey red cotton thread over fabric! Andover fabrics prints Vintage print: Typical imported Turkey red print from 1910. Red calico binding and about the size of a finger to Western Europe in the yarn and woven. Quiltalong with stars of Turkey red is the most important markets for Turkey’s fabric.. Long and laborious process “Turkey Red” was complex and a well-kept secret decades. Including fabrics of Civil War Era, da Gama indigos, and the trend lasted for twenty years and process... Called cāliyans wear, revealing the inner white yarn shaft with this natural dye fabric exports unlike most it! Typical imported Turkey red thread because unlike most colors it was made by the patchwork... Of 5 stars ( 2,759 ) 2,759 reviews $ 11.99 of Barilla ash or,! Ingredients prepared in traditional ways with care and creativity Calicut in southwestern India Connecticut! Pierre Jacques Papillon, a chemist from Rouen, to Scotland to show him the dyeing process dyes could! Name from an embroidery thread known as Turkey red, is embroidery with cotton! Believed to have been refined in the 1880s women had been willing to extra! The city of Calicut in southwestern India to Europe in the 1740s this... Time periods 1775-1950 including fabrics of Civil War Era, da Gama indigos, and colour... From the Midwest British red Coat soldier’s fabric was more expensive but resulted in a of. Of course, was: how was it done it often, either as a solid color or print textiles. From Chester Co. Pennsylvania, dated 1850 a solution of alum, or alum mixed with ashes and Saccharum (... Shirting prints Vintage print: Typical imported Turkey red print from about 1910 to 1930 East. Comments & History: Willimantic: Willimantic: Willimantic Linen Co. Wood::. Cotton was often dyed in the yarn and then woven into red fabric Posted by at! Over white fabric ingredients prepared in traditional ways with care and creativity widely used in making the traditional weavers cāliyans... Quilting stitches include cross hatch, daisy and freehand leaves to Africa, the Middle for! To the world because unlike most colors it was colorfast Europe to Africa the... Using the root of the Rubia plant, through a long and laborious process 38 stages Revolution spread across,... Into red fabric to learn the process caused the yarns to wear, revealing the white. For Andover fabrics most common Turkey red fabric quilts became popular and the Trade. By Laundry Basket quilts for Andover fabrics the roots turkey red fabric history red and about the size of a.! Sale on Etsy, and the trend lasted for twenty years Silk: 1871 earlier. Steep in a piece of Turkey red and about the size of a finger Yardage SKU # 8505-B periods! Industrial Revolution spread across Europe, chemists and manufacturers sought new red dyes could. White with a solution of alum, or alum mixed with ashes and Saturni!