The brown bear is the most widespread of all bears. Brown bears (Ursus arctos) are some of the world's largest terrestrial meat-eating mammals. The winter fur is very thick and long, especially in northern subspecies, and can reach 11 to 12 centimetres (4 to 5 in) at the withers. Brown bears first evolved in North American around 50,000 years ago. Males can reach up to a substantial 800 pounds, while females are much smaller, weighing in at around 300 to 500 pounds. The brown bear is also Germany's and Finland's national animal. The brown bear's main range includes parts of Russia, Central Asia, China, Canada, the United States (mostly Alaska), Scandinavia and the Carpathian region (especially Romania), Anatolia, and Caucasus. They are around 7.25 to 8 foot in length and weigh around 775 to 1,200 lbs (male) / 330 to 650 lbs (female). In the summer, it gains up to 180 kilograms (400 lb) of fat, on which it relies to make it through winter, when it becomes very lethargic. The largest populations are in Russia with 120,000, the United States with 32,500, and Canada with 21,750. Increased aggressiveness also assists female brown bears in better ensuring the survival of their young to reproductive age. Brown bears have an extremely large geographic distribution, and their worldwide population totals more than 200,000 individuals. Of these, about 350 live in northwestern Montana, The brown bear's range has shrunk, but it is still listed as a least concern species by the IUCN.Its total population is about 200,000. ​By the time the adult grizzly wakes up in the spring, her baby is strong enough to follow her out of the den. There have been cases of bears with five cubs, although females sometimes adopt stray cubs. The school mascot for each of the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Alberta is the brown bear. The brown bear's range has shrunk, but it is still listed as a least concern species by the IUCN. Distinct in its ability to survive arid conditions, it could live in both montane pine forests of Mexico and canyonlands of Sonoran Desert. The total Carpathian population is estimated at about 8,000. Grizzly bears, Kodiak Bears, European brown bears and the Himalayan brown bear are all part of this species that can be found all over the Earth. Sloth Bear. It is thought the Eurasian bears which colonized America were tundra-adapted. Brown Bear Facts For Kids. Giant Panda . In fact, bears have traditionally not only been a symbol of pride and power in Russia, but have also been common images in … POPULATION: In the Lower 48 states there are 800 - 1,020 brown bears surviving. In the U.S., bears sometimes kill and eat farm animals. It is thought brown bears were unable to migrate south until the extinction of the much larger Arctodus simus. Don’t let the name itself fool you though as brown bears can be brown, blonde, and even almost black in color. Brown bears live in Alaska, east through the Yukon and Northwest Territories, south through British Columbia and through the western half of Alberta. The female brown bear enters her den pregnant with one (sometimes two or three) baby bears. When bears come to associate human activity with a "food reward", they are likely to continue to become emboldened; the likelihood of human-bear encounters increases, as they may return to the same location despite relocation. However, these bears can be brown, red, tan, cream, bicolored, or nearly black. The coat of arms of Madrid depicts a bear reaching up into a madroño or strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) to eat some of its fruit, whereas the Swiss city of Bern's coat of arms also depicts a bear and the city's name is popularly thought to derive from the German word for bear. Brown bears have very strong teeth. Some types of bears, such as polar bears, are more likely to attack humans when searching for food, while American black bears are much less likely to attack. Find out what makes grizzly bears so freaky in this episode of, https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/brown-bear.html. In Asia, brown bears are found in most of Russia, parts of the Middle East, and in a small area of Manchuria in China. The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos ssp.) Bears live throughout the archipelago, adapting to local resources and retaining relatively small home They Need Your Help Mama bear doesn't even wake up as her blind and hairless cub is born midwinter. All brown bears aren’t brown in color. The hair of this coat can grow up to five inches long. Invaded personal space (this includes a mother bear protecting her young). Light colored forms are encountered less than in European-Siberian subspecies. The Kodiak bear from Alaska is the largest and lives on Kodiak Island in Alaska. Bear Sense; Mating; Cubs; Bear Footed; Predators and Self-defense; Bear Species. Brown bear remains from the Pleistocene period are common in the British Isles, where it is thought they outcompeted cave bears. Grizzly Bear. However, many of the southern Asian subspecies are highly endangered. Brown bears mate from May to July. The population of brown bears in the Pyrenees mountain range between France and Spain is so low, estimated at 14 to 18, with a shortage of females, that bears, mostly female, from Slovenia were released in spring 2006 to reduce the imbalance and preserve the species' presence in the area, despite protests from French farmers. Bears of the last frontier brown bear fact sheet nature pbs brown bear facts for kids yourkidsplanet com brown bear fun facts for kids brown bear fun facts for kids. Young adolescent males tend to be least aggressive, and have been observed in nonagonistic interactions with each other. Some subspecies of Brown Bear were hunted to extinction in the 1800's and 1900's. The Carpathian brown bear population of Romania is the largest in Europe outside Russia, estimated at 4,500 to 5,000 bears, although declining alarmingly due to overhunting. Adult male bears are particularly aggressive and are avoided by adolescent and subadult males. Sometimes the tips of their fur are colored. Brown bears have long, thick fur, with a moderately long mane at the back of the neck. They mostly eat grasses, herbs and fruit, but will sometimes eat other things, including fish. These five ecosystems combine for a total of roughly 1,470 wild grizzlies still persisting in the contiguous United States. Cubs are born between January and March. The warming of that region has allowed the species to move farther north into what was once exclusively the domain of the polar bear. Weight: About 400 to 1200 pounds for males. Brown bears have long, thick fur, with a moderately long mane at the back of the neck which varies somewhat across the races. Other Name(s): silvertip bear, North American brown bear Scientific name: Ursus arctos horribilis Type of Animal: Mammal, member of Carnivora order Animal Family: Ursidae (the bear family) Where Found: Western Canada, Alaska and northwestern United States Length: 1.98 m (6.5 ft.) Top Ten Richest Kid In African. With a round head, small ears, and a wide skull, the Eurasian bear is hard to miss. There are about 200,000 brown bears in the world. It is smaller than the polar bear, but is the largest carnivore which lives entirely on the land. The grizzly bear is the state animal of both Montana and California. All bears – except for polar bears and Giant Pandas – are omnivores (eating both meat and plants). Brown bears have very large and curved claws, those present on the forelimbs being longer than those on the hind limbs. Grizzly bears hibernate in the winter, but you won’t believe what they do to prepare for their long nap. is one of the largest subspecies of a brown bear. The smallest subspecies, the Himalayan brown bear, is critically endangered. Now onto some bear facts for preschoolers and kids! Many Native American tribes both respected and feared the brown bear, even thinking of it as a god. Northern Europe is home to a large bear population, with an estimated 2,500 (range 2,350–2,900) in Sweden, about 1,600 in Finland, about 700 in Estonia and 70 in Norway. As of 2012, this and the American black bear are the only bear species not classified as threatened by the IUCN. The Alaska Science Center ranks the following as the most likely reasons for bear attacks: Aggressive behavior in brown bears is favored by numerous selection variables. Brown bears often figure into the literature of Europe and North America, in particular that which is written for children. Where found in Europe, primarily a forest creature, This is a very large, dark colored form. Relocation of the bear has been used to separate the bear from the human environment, but it does not address the problem of the bear's newly-learned association of humans with food or the environmental situations which created the human-habituated bear. Printable version of these facts. Sounds expressing anger or aggravation include growls, roars, woofs, champs and smacks, while sounds expressing nervousness or pain include woofs, grunts and bawls. Size: Length is 6 to 9 feet long for males. The two most common causes for bear attack are surprise and curiosity. As bears reclaim parts of their range, they may eat livestock. Now let’s get on with many more interesting grizzly bear facts for children. You might guess from their name that brown bears are brown. The fur around the neck is light, and forms a "collar". This is indicated by brown bears in the Chukotka Peninsula on the Asian side of Bering Strait, which are the only Asian brown bears to live year-round in lowland tundra like their North American cousins. "The Brown Bear of Norway" is a Scottish fairy tale telling the adventures of a girl who married a prince magically turned into a bear, and who managed to get him back into a human form by the force of her love and after many trials and difficulties. Related. Brown bears, black bears, and polar bears … 4. In the summer, they eat plenty of food to build up their body fat and help them survive the cold winter months. Having a reddish-brown or sandy coat color, this bear is smaller than most other brown bears found on the Asian continent. Fur length varies according to the season. Their diet varies enormously throughout their differing areas based on opportunity. In his Great Bear Almanac, Gary Brown lists 11 different sounds bears produce in 9 different contexts. The subspecies have been listed as follows: A Grizzly–polar bear hybrid (known as a pizzly Bear or grolar bear) is a rare ursid hybrid resulting from a union of a brown bear and a polar bear. Cubs remain with their mother from two to four years, during which time they learn survival techniques, such as which foods have the highest nutritional values and where to obtain them; how to hunt, fish, and defend themselves; and where to den. Its total population is about 200,000. This poses one of the greatest threats to the future survival of the grizzly bear in the contiguous United States. Mama bear doesn't even wake up as her blind and hairless cub is born midwinter. Sows with cubs account for the majority of injuries and fatalities in North America. American black bears are found in Canada, Mexico and North America. Brown bears are mostly solitary, although they may gather in large numbers at major food sources and form social hierarchies based on age and size. Spectacled Bear. Brown bears are comfortable in water and in some areas fish for salmon. They are, however, unpredictable in temperament, and will attack if they are surprised or feel threatened. The winter hairs are thin, yet rough to the touch. This is called hibernating , when bears sleep through the winter because the weather is cold and there isn't much food. The Marsican brown bear in central Italy is believed to have a population of just 30 to 40 bears. Large and shaggy-haired, the brown bear (Ursus arctos) ranges in color, and is part of the family Ursidae, which is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.Also known as the “bruin”, brown bears remain a least-concerned species as listed by the IUCN. Polar bears hold the title of the largest species of bear, on all fours that are an average of 3.5 to 5 feet, whilst standing on their hind legs they can be as big as 10 feet. The dimensions of the brown bear ranges greatly according to the subspecies, and living location. The largest Eurasian bear ever recorded reached lengths of more than eigh… In non-Arctic areas, habitat loss is blamed as the leading cause of endangerment, followed by hunting. Another large and relatively stable population of brown bears in Europe, consisting of 2,500–3,000 individuals, is the Dinaric-Pindos (Balkans) population, with contiguous distribution in northeast Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Greece. Kodiak bears live exclusively on the islands in the Kodiak Archipelago in southwest Alaska. In India, brown bears can be reddish with silver tips, while in China, brown bears are bicolored with a yellow-brown or whitish cape across the neck, chest, and shoulders. 3. The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear living in much of northern Eurasia and North America.It is smaller than the polar bear, but is the largest carnivore which lives entirely on the land. Sun Bear – If the famous character Winnie the Pooh were to choose a favorite bear, the sun bear might be it. The female bear will hibernate all winter long, not even waking up to give birth! Bears become attracted to human-created food sources, such as garbage dumps, litter bins, and dumpsters; they venture into human dwellings or barns in search of food as humans encroach into bear habitats. Both dark and light variants are encountered, with intermediate colors predominating. The Russian bear is a common national personification for Russia (as well as the Soviet Union). In Arctic areas, the potential habitat of the brown bear is increasing. Historically, they could be found from Alaksa to Mexico, California to Ohio. Brown bears are often not fully brown. With "Goldilocks and the Three Bears", a story from England, the three bears are usually depicted as brown bears. Their jaw structure has evolved to fit their dietary habits. They can stand at an average size of … Brown bears vary in size, and in the thickness and shade of their fur. The skull is distinguished its relatively flattened choanae, an arch-like curve of the molar row and large teeth. They are largely solitary creatures, though they congregate in huge numbers to feast on fish. The festival ends with the ball de l'os (bear dance). A female brown bear's milk is very rich in fat and calories, so the cub grows quickly. The brown bear is a national and state animal in several European countries. The cubs learn by following and imitating their mother's actions during the period they are with her. Europe, Caucasus, Siberia (except the east) and Mongolia, A predominantly dark colored (rarely light colored), moderately-sized subspecies with dark claws, the Eurasian browns occurring in Siberia are larger than their European counterparts, as they are hunted less. Females weigh about 300 to 800 pounds. 1. Brown Bear Facts & Trivia for kids The Grizzly Bear is one of several subspecies of a Brown Bear. They may weigh twice as much in winter as they do in spring. In the United States, parents often read their preschool age children the book Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? Yellowstone National Park, an enormous reserve located in the western United States, contains prime habitat for the grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis), and due to the enormous number of visitors, human-bear encounters are common. Small populations exist in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem of northwest Wyoming (with about 600 animals), the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem of northwest Montana (with about 750 animals), the Cabinet-Yaak Ecosystem of northwest Montana and northeast Idaho (with about 30–40 animals), the Selkirk Ecosystem of northeast Washington and northwest Idaho (with about 40–50 animals), and the North Cascades Ecosystem of northcentral Washington (with about 5–10 animals). In Kwakiutl mythology, black and brown bears became enemies when Grizzly Bear Woman killed Black Bear Woman for being lazy. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. Smaller than the coastal bear, a grizzly typically weighs up to 800 lb (364 kg) in inland areas, with bears in the. Female bears with cubs rival adult males in aggression, and are more intolerant of other bears than single females. This bear is believed extinct due to cattle ranching in both the United States and Mexico. sleeper kids world. Bears who eat lots of salmon put on weight quickly. On average, the brown bears which live in interior Alaska, Yellowstone national park and Europe have the weight around 254 to 794 lb or 115 to 360 kg. About 95% of the brown bear population in the United States is in Alaska, though in the lower 48 states, they are repopulating slowly but steadily along the Rockies and the western Great Plains. to teach them their colors and how they are associated with different animals. There are many different types of brown bears, including the grizzly from North America. Scientists usually call it a North America brown bear. Appearing to be more closely related to the, Occurs in the trans-Caucasus, Syria, Iraq,Turkey (Asia Minor), Iran, Afghanistan, western Himalayas and the Pamir-Alai and Tien Shan mountains, probable historical presence in Israel. "Placing a bear in habitat used by other bears may lead to competition and social conflict, and result in the injury or death of the less dominant bear.". North American brown bears, or grizzly bears, seem to prefer open landscapes, whereas in Eurasia they inhabit mostly dense forests. Brown bears can spend 4 to 6 months a year curled up deep in sleep in a den. Click the image to see more animals in the Active Wild Online Zoo Grizzly Bear Facts At A Glance. In German speaking countries, children are often told the fairytale of Snow White and Rose Red; the handsome prince in this tale has been transfigured into a brown bear. In the summer, their fur is shorter. Black hairs usually have white tips. Weight depends on where they live and diet. In 2006, the occurrence of this hybrid in nature was confirmed by testing the DNA of a strange-looking bear that had been shot in the Canadian arctic. Cubs live with their mothers for up to three years, and then they're usually ready to face life on their own. Perhaps the most obvious of polar bear facts for kids is that polar bears are white. When hunting, the bear pins its prey to the ground and then tears and eats it alive. In the town of Prats de Molló, in Vallespir, Northern Catalonia, a "bear festival" (festa de l'ós) is celebrated annually at the beginning of spring, in which the locals dress up as bears, cover themselves with soot or coal and oil, and "attack" the onlookers, attempting to get everyone dirty. The baby cubs will find their way to their mothers chest and nurse and sleep until the mother bear wakes up. Brown bear are not naturally aggressive towards humans. The species entered Alaska 100,000 years ago, though they did not move south until 13,000 years ago. They prefer semiopen country, usually in mountainous areas. There are an average of two fatal attacks by bears per year in North America. They are extinct in the British Isles, extremely threatened in France and Spain, and in trouble over most of Central Europe. ABOUT US. Brown bears are omnivores --they eat plants and meat, and they aren't too picky about what's on the menu. Get facts about black bears here. The summer fur is much shorter and sparser, and its length and density varies geographically. The average litter has one to four cubs, usually two. Brown bears vary in size, and in the thickness and shade of their fur. On rare occasions, bears kill by hitting their prey with their powerful forearms, which can break the necks and backs of large prey, such as moose. It’s worth mentioning this because they are so closely related to the brown bear. For example, bears in Yellowstone eat an enormous number of moths during the summer, sometimes as many as 40,000 in a day, and may derive up to half of their annual food energy from these insects. During the fall, a brown bear eats practically around the clock, stocking up for the four to seven months when it'll have to live off stored body fat. Interesting facts about Kodiak bears The Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi) is the largest recognized subspecies of brown bear. The claws are blunt, while those of a black bear are sharp. BEAR FACTS FOR KiDS . Brown bears were once native to Asia, the Atlas Mountains in Africa, Europe, and North America, but are now extinct in some areas, and their populations have greatly decreased in other areas. This is a moderately-sized subspecies with long and shaggy fur. Unlike the smaller black bears, adult brown bears are too large to escape danger by climbing trees, so they respond to danger by standing their ground and warding off their attackers. All rights reserved. In Scandinavia, there are only four known cases since 1902 of bear encounters which have resulted in death. The tiny bear, about the size of a chipmunk, is just strong enough to crawl into a position where it settles in to nurse. At birth, the cubs are blind, toothless, hairless, and weigh less than 450 grams (1 lb). Unfortunately, these populations are isolated from each other, inhibiting any genetic flow between ecosystems. Brown bears also occasionally prey on large mammals, such as deer (including elk, moose and caribou), bighorn sheep, mountain goats, bison and muskoxen. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Trending Posts. Habituated or food-conditioned bears can also be dangerous, as their long-term exposure to humans causes them to lose their natural shyness, and, in some cases, to associate humans with food. As of 2005, 16 subspecies have been recognized. They are omnivores and feed on a variety of plant products, including berries, roots, and sprouts, and fungi, as well as meat products such as fish, insects, and small mammals. They feed on their mother's milk until spring or even early summer, depending on climate conditions. In the winter, some brown bears' fur can reach 4 to 5 inches in length. This "winter sleep" allows the bears to stay alive for a long period of time when there is little or no food available to them. As the cold swoops in, the fattened bear waddles into a den among rocks or one it dug out among tree roots. The female brown bear enters her den pregnant with one (sometimes two or three) baby bears. As a rule, brown bears seldom attack humans on sight, and usually avoid people. The Syrian is a light colored, moderate to small-sized subspecies with light claws. In Europe, part of the problem lies with shepherds; over the past two centuries, many sheep and goat herders have gradually abandoned the more traditional practice of using dogs to guard flocks, which have concurrently grown larger. With light claws arid conditions, it could live in both montane pine forests of Mexico and of! At about 8,000 ranching in both montane pine forests of Mexico and North,! Inches in length informed about the ample compensation available, and in the wild the bear pins its prey the... When fully grown brown bears even eat hoofed animals such as deer, moose reindeer! 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